Python vs R: Which is good for Machine Learning?

By Manav Jain

If you want to build a machine learning project and are stuck between choosing the right programming language to build it, you know you have come to the right place.

This blog will not only help you understand the difference between the two languages namely: Python and R; but also help you know which language has an edge over one another in multiple aspects. So without wasting a single moment, let’s dive into it!

R and Python both have identical features and are highly popular tools amongst data scientists. Around 69% of developers use Python for machine learning, as compared to 24% of the developers using R. Both are open-source and therefore are free in the market. However, Python is structured to be a widely-used programming language while R is created for statistical analysis.

AI and data analysis are two territories where open source has become nearly the true permit for inventive new instruments. Both the Python and R dialects have created strong environments of open-source devices and libraries that help data scientists of any aptitude level, all the more effectively performing scientific work.

The differentiation between machine learning and data analysis is comparatively fluid, however, the primary thought is that machine learning organizes prescient exactness over model interpretability, while data analysis underlines interpretability and factual surmising. Python, being increasingly worried about prescient exactness, has built up positive notoriety in machine learning. R, as a language for a factual deduction and statically inference, has made its name in data analysis.

That doesn’t mean to categorize either of the languages into one class — There is a vast number of bundles for the two dialects that look to reproduce the usefulness of the other. Python has libraries to help its ability for measurable induction and R has bundles to improve its predictive precision.

The following section will talk about the two languages in detail, that will significantly help you to choose the most appropriate programming language for your project.

By Manav Jain

The Python programming language was created in the late 80s and assumes an essential job of driving the internal framework of Google. Python includes enthusiastic designers and now it’s been applied in the broadly utilized uses of . Python has comprehensively been used over the IT business and grants basic exertion of coordinated effort inside development groups. Thus, if you need a versatile and multi-reason programming language with a supporting gigantic system of designers close by the extendable AI packages then Python is a top pick.

Advantages of Python

● General-purpose language — Python is viewed as a superior decision if your venture requests something other than measurements and statistics. For example — designing a functional website.

● Smooth Learning Curve — Python is anything but difficult to learn and effectively available which empowers you to locate the gifted designers on a quicker premise.

● The bulk of Important libraries — Python bastes innumerable libraries for assembling and controlling the data. Take an event of Scikit-realize which includes devices for data mining and examination to help the unimaginable AI comfort using Python. Another group called Pandas gives engineers unrivaled structures and information assessment gadgets that help to decrease the improvement time. If your advancement group requests one of the significant functionalities of R, at that point RPy2 is the one to go for.

● Better Integration — Generally, in any designing condition, the Python incorporates superior to R. In this way, whether or not the designers endeavor to misuse a lower-level language like C, C++, or Java, it by and large gives better joining various segments together with Python wrapper. Also, a python-based stack is not hard to consolidate the rest of the job needing to be done by data researchers by bringing it effectively into creation.

● Boosts Productivity — The punctuation of Python is particularly understandable and like other programming dialects, anyway remarkably comparable to R. Along these lines, it ensures high productivity of the development groups.

Disadvantages of Python:

The absence of a common repository and the absence of choices for some R libraries.

Due to dynamic composing, in some cases, it is entangled to scan for certain capacities and to follow shortcomings associated with the erroneous task of various kinds of data to similar factors.

By Manav Jain

R was created by statisticians and fundamentally for the analysts in which any engineer can foresee the equivalent by taking a gander at its syntax. As the language contains scientific calculations associated with machine learning which is derived from statistics, choosing R becomes the right decision to one who needs to increase a superior comprehension of the fundamental subtleties and fabricate inventively.

If your task is intensely founded on insights, at that point R can be considered as a brilliant decision for narrowing down your undertakings which requires a one-time jump into the dataset. For example — if you like to examine a corpus of content by deconstructing sections into words or expressions to recognize their examples then R is the best decision.

Advantages of R

● Suitable for Analysis — If the data examination or representation is at the core of your venture then R can be considered as the best decision as it permits fast prototyping and works with the datasets to configuration AI/machine learning models.

● The bulk of useful libraries and tools — Similar to Python, R contains different bundles that help to improve the presentation of the machine learning ventures. For example — Caret supports the AI capacities of the R with its uncommon arrangement of capacities which assists with making prescient models productively. R designers gain advantage from the propelled data analysis bundles which spread the pre-and post-demonstrating stages which are aimed at explicit assignments like model approval or information representation.

● Suitable for exploratory work — If you require any exploratory work in measurable models toward the starting phases of your undertaking then R makes it simpler to keep in touch with them as the engineers simply need to include a couple of lines of code.

Disadvantages of R:

  • Difficult to learn and easy to code badly. Weak typing is dangerous, functions have a fierce habit of returning an unexpected type of object.
  • Specificity in comparison with other languages such as vector indexation begins with one instead of zero.
  • The syntax for solving some problems is not all that obvious. Due to a large number of libraries, the documentation of some less popular ones cannot be considered complete.


Concerning Machine Learning, both Python and R have their points of interest with the broad accessibility of bundles. When you ace both the dialects, you can make the better of the two universes because most of the basic errands related to one of these dialects are possible in both.

On the other hand, you can utilize Python for the beginning times of data aggression and afterward feed the information into R, which applies the all-around tried, upgraded measurable examination schedules incorporated with the language.

Along these lines, you can utilize R as a library for Python or Python as a pre-handling library for R. If you are not proficient with Python, you can contact python development companies in India for an efficient result of your project in order to make a strong impression. On the basis of the advantages and disadvantages of Python and R, you will now be able to make a better decision in regard to the most appropriate language for your project.


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